Music and The Brain

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All the developed nations of the world such as Germany, USA, Japan, UK, Australia and European countries in general are a musical nation. Musical sense is meant here is the first to play a musical instrument or sing well, meaning both can not play music or sing well, but to appreciate the music.

Students grade level 1-4 Primary schools in the United States get a 75-minute music lessons every week, since they gained grade 5 music lessons for 80 minutes. Therefore, they are able to make a choir with arrangements of hard for three voices and can play several musical instruments. At the junior secondary level lessons to deepen their hold music selection and performances. High school level they've gone with an emphasis on shape concerts. Therefore, they are able to arrange music programs are very advanced with making one or two choirs combined. Most of the schools there are special rooms of music, as well as in Australia.

In the UK children ages kindergarten-enabled reading below average, can chase their friends are on the average after they are enriched with additional music lessons, they learn to sing in a group with accuracy of pitch and rhythm exercises accompanied with sensitivity training emotion, a very structured program and can be enjoyed by children. Universities in Japan that has many Symphony orchestras as a continuation of the music lessons they receive at the primary, junior and senior high schools.

So did all the excellent school subjects include music as a mandatory intra-curricular materials and enriched by extracurricular activities, which the subject matter being taught music includes universal music and traditional music, learning outcomes seems excellent school students were average to very good.
However, the national curriculum in Indonesia, only emphasizes intellectual development and the sheer lack of attention to the development of emotional intelligence. This is evident by the many brawls lessons at secondary school level and junior level, elementary school students are overburdened with dense subjects to be memorized and should be done so that the joy of learning to remove the child in their development. According to researchers Siegel (1999) brain development expert, said that music can play a role in brain maturation process right hemisphere, although it can affect the left hemisphere, because the cross-over from right to left and vice versa is very complex neuronal pathway-pathway in the brain. Securities or good atmosphere and the feeling and emotion perception, expression, and awareness of emotional experience, predominantly mediated by the right brain hemisphere. That is, the hemisphere plays a major role in the process of emotional development, which is essential for the development of human traits are human. Subtlety and sensitivity of a person to be able to feel the feelings of others, to live life experience "feeling", is a function of the right brain, was the ability to understand other people's feelings, understand the experience of the ratio is a function of the left brain. The ability of a person to be able to communicate well and humanely with others is mixing (blending between the brain's right and left).

The process of listening to music is one form of affective communication and provide emotional experience. Emotion is a subjective experience which are inherent in every human being. To be able to feel and appreciate and evaluate the significance of the interaction with the environment, it can be stimulated and optimized development through music since an early age. 2001 Campbell says in his book Mozart effect romantic music (Schubert, Schuman, Chopin, and Tchaikovsky) can be used to increase compassion and sympathy.

Music is described as one of the "purest form" expressions of emotion. Music contains a variety of contour, spacing, and modulation of sound intensity variation extensive, according to the components of human emotions. Suzuki (1987) in Utami Munandar said that if children are raised in an atmosphere of Mozart's music from an early age, Mozart soul full of love and discipline will grow in him. This is the magic of music.

Aspects of Emotional Intelligence
Peter Salovey and John Mayer (1990) in Shapiro (1997) describes the emotional qualities that seem important to the success of these qualities is the ability to recognize emotions. Sternberg and Salovery in Shapiro (1997) says that emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize emotions is a person's ability to recognize her own feelings when the feelings or emotions that come up, and he was able to recognize his own emotions when he has a high sensitivity over their true feelings and then decisions steady. In this case, the stance taken in determining the various options like choosing a school, friends, profession up to the selection of a spouse.

The ability to manage emotions is a person's ability to control his own feelings so as not explode and can ultimately affect their behavior appropriately. For example, someone who is angry that the anger is still able to be controlled without having to produce an eventual regret later on.

Sense of exquisite taste that can arise through experience gained from live music. Sensitivity is an important element to mobilize the personality and quality of life. Someone has a high sensitivity for their feelings then he would be able to take decisions and establish steady a formidable personality. Ability motivation is the ability to give encouragement to yourself to do something good and useful. In this case contained the element of hope and optimism is high, so has the power of the spirit to perform a particular activity, for example in terms of learning. Like what we aspire to achieve and indicate the existence of a "journey" that must be taken from a position where we are (Point of Departure, POD) to a point of arrival (Point of Arrival, POA) within a certain time.

The ability of social relationships is tantamount to the ability to manage the emotions of others. Evelyn Pitcer in Kartini (1982) said that music helps children to understand other people and provide opportunities in social and emotional development to them.

The ability to manage the emotions of others so as to create a high social skills and make a person more socially widespread. Children with this ability tend to have a lot of friends, jaunty. Through the study group (group) are required to cooperate, understand others.

Children are requiring personal social relationships and communication with others to humanize him. Children want to be loved, to be recognized and appreciated. Desiring also to calculate and get a place in the group. It is clear that individuality and sociality are complementary elements, complement and supplement the child's existence.

Emotional intelligence needs to be developed because it is the underlying skills of a person in the community soon, so that will make the whole potential of children can develop optimally.
Ideally one can master the cognitive skills as well as social emotional skills. Daniel Goleman (1995) through his famous book "Emotional Intelligences (EQ)", gives an overview of the intelligence spectrum, so the child will be capable in their respective fields but also became very expert. As said by the experts, the development of emotional intelligence is strongly influenced by the musical stimuli as said Gordon Shaw (1996).